AWS Certified Data Analytics – Specialty DAS-C01 – Question57

A company is migrating its existing on-premises ETL jobs to Amazon EMR. The code consists of a series of jobs written in Java. The company needs to reduce overhead for the system administrators without changing the underlying code. Due to the sensitivity of the data, compliance requires that the company use root device volume encryption on all nodes in the cluster. Corporate standards require that environments be provisioned though AWS CloudFormation when possible.
Which solution satisfies these requirements?

A.
Install open-source Hadoop on Amazon EC2 instances with encrypted root device volumes. Configure the cluster in the CloudFormation template.
B. Use a CloudFormation template to launch an EMR cluster. In the configuration section of the cluster, define a bootstrap action to enable TLS.
C. Create a custom AMI with encrypted root device volumes. Configure Amazon EMR to use the custom AMI using the CustomAmild property in the CloudFormation template.
D. Use a CloudFormation template to launch an EMR cluster. In the configuration section of the cluster, define a bootstrap action to encrypt the root device volume of every node.